De donde viene la palabra autobús

Omnibus_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16943     Viverolugobus

¿De donde viene la palabra autobús? La palabra Autobús es un aféresis de la palabra latina ómnibús. Ómnibús deriva del dueño de una tienda de sombreros, Monsieur Omnès, quien con un juego de palabras llamó a su tienda «Omnes Omnibus». La misma estaba situada frente a una de las primeras estaciones de carruajes en Nantes, Francia, en 1823. Omnès es la resonancia en latín de omnes que significa «todos» y omnibus «para todos». Los ciudadanos de Nantes poco después le dieron el apodo «Ómnibus» al vehículo. Cuando el transporte tirado por caballos fue motorizado a partir de 1905, el ómnibus fue llamado Autobús, un término, que al igual que ómnibus, todavía se utiliza.

640px-02.AutobusGranada       800px-Parana_-_Colectivo_11-21_-_2545

Depende de la zona del mundo en la que nos encontremos, la palabra autobús es sustituida por algún regionalismo propio del país o de la comarca en la que vayamos a coger el autobús, para aquellas personas que les interese saber cómo se llama autobús en cualquier parte del mundo…aquí os dejamos una recopilación de términos, muy interesantes:

  • Argentina: colectivobondi (muy coloquial), (viajes urbanos) ómnibusmicro (Interurbanos)
  • Bolivia: flotaautocarbus y ómnibus (para viajes y turismo), colectivogóndola «Bus escolar», micro (para transporte urbano),mini o minibús (para furgonetas que hacen el recorrido urbano), coastertaxi trufi, (para automóviles o vagonetas que hacen el servicio público vecinal)
  • Chile: (la) microliebre (sólo para buses pequeños), bus (para viajes interurbanos), taxibús (en Concepción), acordeón oCuncuna (para los autobuses artículados del Transantiago)
  • Colombia: autobúsmicrobúsbusetacolectivobuschivaflota (para viajes intermunicipales)
  • Costa Rica: busautobúsmicrobúsbusetachivillacazadoralata
  • Cuba: guaguaómnibusyutong
  • Ecuador: busbusetacolectivo
  • El Salvador:  microbúsbuschuzón (muy coloquial)
  • España: autobús de líneabusguaguaautocar o coche de línea (autobuses que circulan por carretera), camioneta (Huelva),Alcorcón y Móstoles, valenciana y cosme (Jerez de la Frontera para autobuses interurbanos), micro (autobuses pequeños), mini y minibus (autobuses de reducido tamaño, pensados para calles en las que un autobús convencional no podría transitar), villavesa (Pamplona), urbano (Vitoria), tusa (Badalona), carraca (Buen Pastor, Milans del Bosch y Barón de Viver, Barcelona), alsa (Asturias y León), blasa (Alcorcón, Móstoles, y Villaviciosa de Odón), trole (Pontevedra), , camión(Málaga), Alsina (Granada y Pava (Jaén)), guagua (Canarias y Puerto Real).
  • Guatemala: camionetabusautobús
  • Honduras: busautobús
  • México: camiónmicropesero o kamikaze (si es una combi), calafia (se utiliza para nombrar a los microbuses), flotilla (para nombrar al conjunto de camiones), chatochimecoburra , guajolotero o totolero (si es uno muy antiguo), metrobús(articulado)
  • Panamá: buschivaautobúsdiablo rojo (muy coloquial), Metrobus (nuevo en el sistema que está en cambio)
  • Venezuela: autobúsbus, (los grandes) autobusetebusetamicrobúscamionetacamioneticaruta (los minibuses), por puesto.

 

c1eb60b4-2a92-4ec5-9666-1f433469cc39        800px-Bus_chiva_tradicional

 

 De donde viene la palabra autobús

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